By Kamila Aliyeva
The governments of Uzbekistan and Russia plan to sign two agreements in the field of labor migration in April, RIA Novosti reported referring to a representative of the Labor Ministry.
“Two intergovernmental agreements in the field of labor migration are planned to be signed in April, now the process of agreeing the texts of documents is underway,” he said.
The deals will be signed on organized recruitment and employment of citizens of Uzbekistan for temporary work in the territory of the Russian Federation.
The second agreement stipulates establishment of offices of the competent authorities of the two countries in the field of migration.
The documents will be signed in the course of the Uzbek President’s visit to Russia.
Many young and middle-aged people in Central Asian states, particularly Uzbekistan prefer working abroad over working or continuing their studies at home. They also follow the example of relatives, neighbors, and acquaintances who have earned enough money from working abroad to buy or build their own homes, cars and other essentials.
Russia offers visa-free entry for the citizens of Uzbekistan. Once in Russia, they have 30 days in which to locate employment and obtain a work patent.
According to the Russia’s Federal Migration Service, as of January 20, 2015, 2.2 million Uzbek citizens stay in Russia, of which 81% percent is of working-age population.
The Russian Federation is one of the largest trade partners of Uzbekistan while Uzbekistan occupies the fourth place among the CIS countries on volumes of trade turnover for Russia.
In 2016 the trade turnover between the two states, according to the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations, Investments and Trade of Uzbekistan amounted to $ 4.2 billion. Over the years, the seasonal character of labor migration has lessened and migration has increasingly become a long-term endeavor.
The commodity structure of Russian exports to Uzbekistan includes mineral products, machines, equipment and vehicles, metals and products from them, timber and pulp and paper products, chemical products, foodstuffs and agricultural raw materials.
The commodity structure of imports of basic supplies includes such groups of goods as textiles and glassware, shoes, machinery and equipment and vehicles, foodstuffs and agricultural raw materials, chemical products, metals, and products from them.
As many as 961 enterprises with the participation of Russian investments, including 810 joint ventures and 151 enterprises with one hundred percent Russian capital were established in Uzbekistan. The country has accredited representatives of 64 Russian enterprises and companies.
At the same time, 569 enterprises with the participation of residents of Uzbekistan were established on the territory of the Russian Federation.
Moreover, in the recent years, Russian investments in Uzbekistan’s economy amounted to more than $6 billion.